An EU Directive goes through a lot of steps, revisions, and negotiations. The Copyright Directive's journey began in 2016, when the European Commission issued its draft Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market. This proposal formed the basis for discussions and drafts in the Council of the EU and in the European Parliament.
Up to February 2019
CRAFTING THE FINAL TEXT
On Sept. 12, 2018, the European Parliament adopted its version of the Copyright Directive by a landslide majority - 438 MEPs voted for it, 226 against (39 abstained). On Feb. 13, 2019, after a long negotiation between the Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of the EU, one final version of the directive emerged. These three-way talks, called a trialogue, had been stalled until a French-German compromise emerged.
March 26, 2019
COPYRIGHT DIRECTIVE APPROVED
The final version of the text was approved in a Coreper meeting of representatives of the 28 member countries on Wednesday, Feb. 20. The JURI (Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament) approved the text in a 16-9 vote on Feb. 26. The European Union Parliament adopted the Directive on Copyright for the Digital Single Market on Tuesday, March 26, by a vote of 348 in favor, 274 against and 36 abstentions
After the vote, country by country
If the directive is adopted, European countries will each have to create legislation that enacts the Directive under their national laws. This is called transposition. A directive is not a law, but a set of objectives that countries must meet by passing laws that suit their circumstances. This process usually takes 18 to 24 months.
The finish line
Once these laws are in place, the real action – negotiations between creators and platforms – can begin. One of the main objectives of this directive is to rebalance the contractual relationship between rights holders (creators, artists, producers…) and platforms such as YouTube, Facebook, Vimeo or Dailymotion. The platforms will have to negotiate fairly and equitably with rights holders. They cannot use a take-it-or-leave it approach, so creators will get a fairer share of the revenue their works generate online.
IN REAL LIFE
After negotiations between rights holders and Internet platforms like YouTube or Facebook, users and artists would begin to see the benefits of Article 13. This should happen around 2021.
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